How to Make a Slider in React

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Sliders are a popular UI component used to display and interact with a range of values. In this tutorial, we will explore how to create a custom slider component in React.

If you are not interested in building a Slider from scratch, check out possible React UI libraries you can use that come with multiple pre-built components.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction

Sliders provide an intuitive way for users to select a value within a specified range. They are commonly used in settings such as volume controls, image galleries, and input ranges. In React, we can build reusable and interactive slider components that seamlessly integrate into our applications.

2. Prerequisites

Before diving into creating a slider in React, ensure that you have the following:

  • Basic knowledge of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript
  • Node.js installed on your machine
  • Familiarity with React and its core concepts

3. Setting Up a React Project

If you already have your project setup you may skip this section.

To get started, let’s set up a new React project. Open your terminal and follow these steps:

  1. Create a new directory for your project: mkdir react-slider-tutorial
  2. Navigate to the project directory: cd react-slider-tutorial
  3. Initialize a new React project using Create React App: npx create-react-app .

Once the project is set up, you can start building your React slider component.

4. Creating the Slider Component

In React, components are the building blocks of our applications. To create a slider component, let’s begin by setting up the basic structure and rendering a simple slider UI. Create a new file called Slider.js in the src directory and add the following code:

import React from 'react';

const Slider = () => {
  return (
    <div className="slider">
      {/* Slider UI */}

export default Slider;

In the above code, we define a functional component called Slider that returns a <div> element with a class of “slider”. We will add the actual slider UI elements in the next steps.

5. Managing State and Handling Events

To make our slider interactive, we need to manage its state and handle user events. In React, we can use the useState hook to create and update state values. Let’s modify our Slider component to include a state for the current value and update it when the slider is interacted with:

import React, { useState } from 'react';

const Slider = () => {
  const [value, setValue] = useState(50);

  const handleChange = (event) => {

  return (
    <div className="slider">
      <p>Value: {value}</p>

export default Slider;

In the updated code, we introduced the value state variable and the setValue function to update it. We bind the value to the <input> element’s value attribute, and the onChange event triggers the handleChange function, which updates the state with the new value.

6. Customizing the Slider

Now that we have a functional slider component, we can customize its appearance and behavior. You can add CSS classes, styles, and additional attributes to the <input> element to modify its appearance. Experiment with different styles and make the slider visually appealing to fit your application’s design. Visit here to learn the many ways you may style components in React.

7. Adding Animation Effects

To make your slider more visually engaging, you can add animation effects. One popular animation library for React is react-spring. Install it by running the following command in your project directory:

npm install react-spring

Once installed, you can import and use animation components from react-spring to animate your slider based on its state or user interactions. For example, you can animate the slider thumb or add smooth transitions when the value changes.

8. Conclusion

We covered the basics of building a simple slider, managing state and events, customizing the appearance, and adding animation effects. With this knowledge, you can now incorporate sliders into your React applications and tailor them to your specific needs.

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Rajae Robinson

Rajae Robinson is a young Software Developer with over 3 years of work experience building websites and mobile apps. He has extensive experience with React.js and Next.js.

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